Segment-Level Crash Risk Analysis for New Jersey Highways Using Advanced Data Modeling


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CAIT project no.: CAIT-UTC-NC 62

Fiscal Year: 2017/2018

Status: In Progress

Principal investigator(s): Branislav Dimitrijevic, Ph.D., PI, NJIT; Joyoung Lee, Ph.D., Co-PI, NJIT

Performing organization(s): New Jersey Institute of Technology

Managing organization: Rutgers CAIT

In cooperation with: New Jersey Division of Highway Traffic Safety
Partner project manager: Joseph Weiss

Supported by: USDOT-OST-R

UTC, grant, or agreement no.: DTRT13-G-UTC28

Summary:

The primary goal of this research is to develop a modeling framework for segment-level crash risk assessment considering roadway geometry characteristics and dynamic parameters affecting the crash risk, including temporal characteristic (e.g., season, day of week, time of day), traffic flow characteristics (e.g., vehicle volume, average speed or travel time), and weather conditions. In developing the model framework, the historical crash data for the State of New Jersey will be analyzed to identify important patterns and statistical significance of various contributing factors. Based on the results of this analysis, different modeling techniques will be considered in order to select the one or a combination of techniques that would yield the best crash risk assessment results. Depending on the initial data analysis, it is possible that the modeling framework will utilize a hybrid approach or ensemble methods, which implement multiple machine learning algorithms to obtain better predictive performance. Ultimately the model developed in this research could be utilized as the bases for a crash prediction decision support system in Advanced Traffic Management Systems (ATMS) and traffic safety strategic planning analytics. These outcomes along with lessons learned will be useful to both research community and practitioners.

The proposed research is expected to result in new insights in developing and calibrating proactive crash risk assessment models. These insights and lessons learned will be useful to both research community and practitioners. Moreover, the documented crash risk modeling framework and the underlying modeling process developed in this research could be replicated, integrated and extended in decision support system and data visualization tools to achieve practical benefits in improving the effectiveness of traffic safety and incident management practices. It is envisioned that this model could be implemented in a pilot deployment for a smaller area network with the main goal of evaluating its performance in a dynamic traffic environment.